The polar vortex could sweep across the east coast this winter, bringing with it harsh conditions, climate scientists have warned.
The polar vortex refers to the cold air and low pressure that constantly surrounds both of the Earth’s poles. In the winter, a disruption in the polar vortex can occur as it tends to expand in the northern hemisphere, pushing that cold air further south, according to the National Weather Service (NWS).
Read on for a look at what to know about the polar vortex and how it could impact this winter’s weather.
What is a polar vortex?
A polar vortex “is a large area of low pressure and cold air surrounding both of the Earth’s poles,” the NWS explains. In the northern hemisphere, the vortex tends to expand in the winter, pushing the colder air south.
The boundary between the colder air coming down from the Arctic and the warmer air from the south is called the polar front jet stream, which usually moves quickly from west to east, according to Mark Serreze of the National Snow and Ice Data Center. That boundary line is continually moving – generally shifting further south in the winter.
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The vortex is continuously present – whether we feel the effects or not.
Is it dangerous?
While the name seems menacing, the greatest danger a polar vortex brings is a decrease in temperature as it expands – particularly in areas that don’t normally experience drastically cold weather.
Is it new?
No. Polar vortexes have been occurring for a long time, albeit the term “has only recently been popularized,” according to the NWS.
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The Weather Channel meteorologist Stu Ostro has said the term was even used before the Civil War.
What should we expect this winter?
The east coast could experience one of the harshest winters in years as the polar vortex sweeps down this winter, climate scientists told The Washington Post.
While some models have predicted a disruption as early as later December, others point to January. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration scientist Amy Butler has said there is “still reason to be cautious” since not all models are “on board yet.”
Kaitlyn Schallhorn is a Reporter for Fox News. Follow her on Twitter: @K_Schallhorn.