Trump blasts shuttering Weekly Standard as ‘pathetic and dishonest,’ rips editor Kristol

Many conservatives may have been saddened by Friday’s news that the Weekly Standard, a publication that has existed for 23 years, will be ceasing operations this month. But don’t count President Trump among them. In a Twitter message Saturday, Trump blasted the magazine as “pathetic and dishonest,” and slammed its editor-at-large, William Kristol, as a … Continue reading “Trump blasts shuttering Weekly Standard as ‘pathetic and dishonest,’ rips editor Kristol”

Many conservatives may have been saddened by Friday’s news that the Weekly Standard, a publication that has existed for 23 years, will be ceasing operations this month. But don’t count President Trump among them.

In a Twitter message Saturday, Trump blasted the magazine as “pathetic and dishonest,” and slammed its editor-at-large, William Kristol, as a “failed prognosticator.”

THE WEEKLY STANDARD ANNOUNCES IT WILL FOLD AFTER 23 YEARS

Kristol had written in July: “Donald Trump is in many ways a bad president — bad for the country, bad for conservatism, bad for the Republican party. His sway over party and policy should be limited as much as is feasible and his dominance of our politics not extended any longer than necessary.”

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“May it rest in peace!” the president wrote of the magazine Kristol co-founded.

Kristol appeared concerned that the president's Twitter message wasn't sent to him directly.

Parent company Clarity Media’s CEO Ryan McKibben told staffers Friday morning that the magazine would print its final issue Monday.

McKibben said the publication “has been hampered by many of the same challenges that countless other magazines and newspapers across the country have been wrestling with,” and ultimately it needed to make the tough decision to close.

Others reported that McKibben and associates at Clarity preferred to shutter the Standard rather than sell it, in order to bolster a weekly launched by the Washington Examiner, which, like the Standard, is owned by Colorado billionaire Philip Anschutz.

Whether any Standard employees would be hired at the new weekly was unclear, the Daily Beast reported.

Fox News’ Brian Flood contributed to this report.

Trump insists FBI determined ‘great person’ Flynn ‘didn’t lie,’ Mueller pushed the claim

President Trump insisted on Thursday that his former national security adviser Michael Flynn didn’t lie to the FBI and it was Special Counsel Robert Mueller who pushed the charge.

The president briefly spoke about Flynn at a White House meeting with governors-elect, where he suggested the FBI never accused Flynn of lying as part of its probe into the alleged collusion between Russia's government and the Trump campaign during the 2016 presidential campaign.

“Well, the FBI said Michael Flynn, a general and a great person, they said he didn’t lie,” Trump said at the meeting.

“And Mueller said: ‘Well, maybe he did.’ And now they’re all having a big dispute, so I think it’s a great thing that the judge is looking into that situation. It’s an honor for a lot of terrific people.”

"Well the FBI said Michael Flynn, a general and a great person, they said he didn’t lie. And Mueller said: ‘Well, maybe he did.’ And now they’re all having a big dispute, so I think it’s a great thing that the judge is looking into that situation."

— President Trump

The former national security adviser is scheduled to be sentenced next week after pleading guilty last year to making false statements to the FBI in connection with the Russia probe. He would become the first White House official sentenced as part of Mueller’s probe.

But Trump’s comment came amid U.S. District Judge Emmet Sullivan request on Wednesday for documents related to quotations included in a sentencing memo from Flynn’s defense team. Mueller and his team have until 3 p.m. ET Friday to produce the sensitive FBI documents.

JUDGE IN FLYNN CASE ORDERS MUELLER TO TURN OVER INTERVIEW DOCS AFTER BOMBSHELL CLAIM OF FBI PRESSURE

The request followed Flynn legal team’s bombshell allegation that then-FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe pushed Flynn not to have an attorney present during the questioning that ultimately led to his guilty plea on a single charge of lying to federal authorities.

The document claims the FBI was more aggressive in handling the Jan. 24, 2017, Flynn interview than it did during other similar matters such as the interviews with former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton or ex-Trump adviser George Papadopoulos.

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The legal team also notes that, unlike other defendants in the Russia investigation, Flynn wasn’t warned in advance that it was a crime to lie to the FBI and that the FBI officials involved in his interview have since been accused of misconduct and ousted from the agency.

FBI agent Peter Strzok, who interviewed Flynn, was fired after his anti-Trump text messages between him and another FBI official, Lisa Page, were revealed. McCabe, meanwhile, was fired after the Justice Department determined he lacked candor and was involved in a media leak.

FLYNN SAYS FBI PUSHED HIM NOT TO HAVE LAWYER PRESENT DURING INTERVIEW

Trump’s claim that Flynn didn’t lie to the FBI appear to resemble a report issued by Republicans on the House intelligence committee, saying that former FBI Director James Comey said Flynn “discerned no physical indications of deception” and saw “nothing that indicated to them that he knew he was lying to them,” according to FBI agents.

Comey has since recanted from the description, saying last week that though FBI agents didn’t witness “none of the common indicia of lying — physical manifestations, changes in tone, changes in pace,” the FBI “concluded he was lying.”

Fox News’ Gregg Re and the Associated Press contributed to this report.

Lukas Mikelionis is a reporter for FoxNews.com. Follow him on Twitter @LukasMikelionis.

Fox News Poll: President Trump ends year two with 46 percent job approval

Donald Trump continues to suffer from upside-down job ratings as his second year as president winds down.  In addition, views of the economy remain divided, voters feel the administration’s economic policies have not helped them — and fewer are optimistic about future economic conditions than two years ago, according to the latest Fox News poll.

Forty-five percent of voters think the economy will be in better shape a year from now, down from 56 percent who felt that way in December 2016.  Although the question has been asked at irregular intervals on the Fox News poll over the past 20 years, this is the most pessimistic outlook since February 2001.

CLICK TO READ THE FULL POLL RESULTS

Currently, 47 percent say the economy is in excellent or good shape, while 51 percent call conditions only fair or poor.  That is mostly unchanged since January (49-49 percent).  However, it is a significant improvement from when President Trump was first elected and two-thirds rated the economy negatively.

About one in five voters, 22 percent, say they have personally been helped by the administration’s economic policies.  An almost identical 21 percent say they’ve been hurt, while just over half, 51 percent, say Trump’s policies have not made a difference either way for them.

Republicans are three times more likely than Democrats to say the economy will be better next year, and seven times more likely to say they have been helped by Trump’s economic policies.

Again this month Trump gets his best marks on handling the economy:  50 percent of voters approve, while 43 percent disapprove.  On border security, it’s 46-49 percent, and on immigration, it’s 43-53 percent.  On voters’ top concern, health care, the president is underwater by 23 points: 33-56 percent.

Overall, 46 percent of voters approve of the job Trump is doing and 52 percent disapprove.  In January, it was 45-53 percent.  Moreover, approval has barely budged all year, staying within the narrow range of 43 to 47 percent.

Special Counsel Robert Mueller does better.  By a 19-point margin, 56-37 percent, voters approve of his investigation of the Trump campaign’s ties with Russia, and more voters think the investigation will ultimately strengthen the country (42 percent) than weaken it (34 percent).

A record 48 percent think the Trump campaign coordinated with the Russians in 2016.  Thirty-seven percent believe there was no coordination, down 15 points from a high of 52 percent in June 2017.

Still, just over half, 51 percent, doubt Mueller will find Trump committed criminal or impeachable offences.  Four in 10 think it is likely that Mueller will find evidence of crimes (40 percent).

Of those pleading guilty in the Mueller investigation so far, 44 percent of voters say they committed serious crimes, compared to 21 percent saying minor crimes and 11 percent saying no crimes at all.

“The relative stability of President Trump’s 2018 job approval will be severely challenged next year,” says Democratic pollster Chris Anderson, who conducts the Fox News poll with Republican Daron Shaw.  “Mueller’s investigation is more popular than the president, while the circle of voters believing Trump’s campaign didn’t coordinate with Russia is shrinking. Then there is the increasing economic uncertainty and Democrats assuming control of the House.  Saying 2019 will be a test for Donald Trump would be an understatement.”

Pollpourri

— Views divide, 40-47 percent, over whether the president has revised foreign trade deals to be more favorable to the U.S.  That falls short of expectations.  Two years ago, 62 percent of voters overall and 94 percent of Republicans believed Trump would improve the deals (Dec. 2016).  Now, 76 percent of Republicans think he has done so.  Among Democrats, 34 percent thought he would, and 13 percent say he has.

— 41 percent view NAFTA positively, including 46 percent of Democrats, 38 percent of Republicans and 37 percent of independents.  One in four voters is unable to rate the trade deal.

— The survey asks voters how often the president puts his business interests ahead of the interests of the American people.  Over half think he usually does (always or often).  Thirty-five percent say Trump always puts his personal business first — more than twice the number saying he never does (14 percent).  Some 17 percent say often, 15 percent say sometimes, and 14 percent say rarely.

— The top concern to voters is health care:  83 percent are extremely or very concerned about it. Roughly three in four are concerned about political divisions within the country (78 percent), the opioid crisis (74 percent), and the economy (74 percent).

— Large numbers also worry about natural disasters (70 percent), gun laws (69 percent), race relations (69 percent), illegal immigration (66 percent), climate change (64 percent), sexual harassment in society (63 percent), and the migrant caravan (59 percent).

— The biggest shift since January is a 7-point increase in concern over climate change, mostly driven by a 13-point jump among Republicans:  41 percent are concerned now, up from 28 percent at the beginning of the year.

— Two issues, health care and political divisions, are priorities for both Democrats and Republicans.  For Democrats, health care (90 percent concerned), climate change (84 percent), gun laws (83 percent), and political divisions (82 percent) top the list.  For Republicans, it is illegal immigration (86 percent), health care (77 percent), the caravan (77 percent), and political divisions (75 percent).

The Fox News poll is based on landline and cellphone interviews with 1,006 randomly chosen registered voters nationwide and was conducted under the joint direction of Anderson Robbins Research (D) and Shaw & Company Research (R) from December 9-11, 2018.  The poll has a margin of sampling error of plus or minus three percentage points for all registered voters.

Next New York attorney general promises to ‘use every area of the law’ to probe Trump and family

New York’s incoming attorney general promised to investigate the business dealings of President Trump and his family as soon as she takes office next year.

“We will use every area of the law to investigate President Trump and his business transactions and that of his family as well,” Letitia James told NBC News in an interview published Tuesday.

“We want to investigate anyone in his orbit who has, in fact, violated the law,” the Democrat added.

NEW YORK AG FILES LAWSUIT AGAINST TRUMP FOUNDATION FOR ALLEGED 'ILLEGAL CONDUCT;' TRUMP SAYS HE 'WON'T SETTLE'

According to NBC News, James, 60, plans to probe Trump’s real estate holdings, the Trump Foundation, any government subsidies Trump may have received and whether he’s violated the emoluments clause of the U.S. Constitution.

“We will use every area of the law to investigate President Trump and his business transactions and that of his family as well.”

— Incoming New York Attorney General Letitia James

Acting Attorney General Barbara Underwood sued the Trump Foundation for alleged illegal conduct and “unlawful political coordination” with Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign in June.

The foundation had long been a target of former New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman, who resigned in May after he was accused of sexual misconduct.

Trump blasted “the sleazy New York Democrats,” including Schneiderman, for “doing everything they can to sue me on a foundation that … gave out to charity more money than it took in” at the time.

A spokesperson for the Trump Foundation, in a statement to Fox News, called the lawsuit “politics at its very worst,” noting Trump contributed himself, or through his companies, more than $8 million.

NEW YORK AG FIRES ANOTHER SALVO AT TRUMP FOUNDATION

Additionally, James said she wants to look into the controversial meeting son Donald Trump Jr., and son-in-law Jared Kushner took with other Trump associates and a Russian lawyer during the 2016 campaign. The Trump Tower meeting came about after the lawyer said she had damaging information about Hillary Clinton, Trump’s Democratic opponent.

“Taking on President Trump and looking at all of the violations of law I think is no match to what I have seen in my lifetime,” James told NBC News.

She also praised Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s Russia investigation, saying she believes he is “closing in on this president” and claiming “his days are going to be coming to an end shortly.”

James made history last month as the first black woman elected to a statewide office in New York. She previously served as a public advocated, spent several years on the city council and worked as a public defender.

Fox News’ Brooke Singman contributed to this report.

Kaitlyn Schallhorn is a Reporter for Fox News. Follow her on Twitter: @K_Schallhorn.

Sarah Sanders slams press corps, calls Trump a ‘fighter’ who treats female, male journalists equally

White House press secretary Sarah Sanders on Tuesday defended President Trump's often combative style with the press, saying the president is a “fighter” who “hits back” at unfair criticism.

“I don’t always find the behavior of the press to be appropriate, either,” Sanders said during a conversation with Politico at the sixth annual Women Rule Summit. “I think that the president is somebody who’s a fighter. When he gets hit, he always hits back.”

"I think that the president is somebody who’s a fighter. When he gets hit, he always hits back."

— Sarah Sanders, White House press secretary

Her answer came after she was asked whether Trump’s behavior toward reporters, in general, has been appropriate. Sanders said she hopes that both the journalists and the president will tone down their rhetoric during future exchanges.

She said that when she's no longer press secretary she hopes she will be known for her transparency and honesty — and for making America a better country.

“I hope that it will be that I showed up every day and I did the very best job that I could to put forward the president’s message, to do the best job that I could to answer questions, to be transparent and honest throughout that process and do everything I could to make America a little better that day than it was the day before,” she said.

"I hope that it will be that I showed up every day and I did the very best job that I could to put forward the president’s message, to do the best job that I could to answer questions, to be transparent and honest throughout that process and do everything I could to make America a little better that day than it was the day before."

— Sarah Sanders, White House press secretary

Sanders also rebuffed the suggestion that Trump targets female reporters with his criticism, saying the president clashes with male journalists on a frequent basis as well.

“The president’s had an equal number of contentious conversations with your male colleagues,” told interviewer Eliana Johnson. “Women wanted to be treated equally, and we have a president that certainly does that.”

In recent months, Trump was criticized after he made several disparaging remarks toward female reporters, including ABC’s Cecilia Vega, whom he said was “not thinking,” and April Ryan, a White House correspondent for American Urban Radio Networks, whom he said was a “loser” who “doesn’t know what the hell she’s doing.”

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At the same time, Trump clashed with CNN’s Jim Acosta, prompting the White House to temporarily remove the reporter’s access. Acosta's press credentials were reinstated following a lawsuit that was supported by all major news organizations.

Finally, Sanders denied reports that she will be leaving the administration.

“Not that I know about,” she said. “I take things one day at a time. As long as I feel like I’ve been called to the place that I am and I feel I’m an effective messenger for the president — and frankly, he feels like I’m an effective messenger for him — I’d like to continue doing what I do. I love my job.”

Lukas Mikelionis is a reporter for FoxNews.com. Follow him on Twitter @LukasMikelionis.

Advice for ex-Trump lawyer Michael Cohen ahead of sentencing: ‘Bring toothbrush to court’

If a federal judge sentences Michael Cohen to prison Wednesday, he may ask that Cohen report at a future date – or he may demand that the former personal lawyer for President Trump be placed behind bars immediately.

Which scenario is more likely?

“If I were advising [Cohen],” Michael J. Stern, a former federal prosecutor in Detroit and Los Angeles, told the Associated Press, “I’d encourage him to bring his toothbrush to court.”

“If I were advising [Cohen], I’d encourage him to bring his toothbrush to court.”

— Michael J. Stern, former federal prosecutor

Trump has accused Cohen of turning against him and cooperating with investigators in the Trump-Russia probe primarily to secure a lighter prison sentence for himself.

On Wednesday morning, Cohen, 52, will learn his fate when he appears before U.S. District Judge William Pauley III in a federal court in New York City.

Prosecutors last week urged that Cohen receive a “substantial” prison sentence after pleading guilty to avoiding taxes, lying to Congress and violating campaign finance laws.

Under federal guidelines, that means a sentence of up to four years.

AFTER COHEN PLEA DEAL, GIULIANI QUESTIONS ETHICS, TACTICS OF MUELLER'S RUSSIA INVESTIGATION

Cohen’s lawyers, on the other hand, say Cohen deserves leniency for his cooperation and for the humiliation he and his family have suffered since he surrendered to the FBI in August.

Cohen pleaded guilty to misleading Congress about work on a proposal to build a Trump Tower in Moscow – and concealing the fact that he continued to speak with Russians about the plan well into the 2016 presidential campaign.

He also pleaded guilty in August to breaking campaign finance laws by helping arrange payments to silence two women — former Playboy model Karen McDougal and adult film actress Stormy Daniels — who said they had sexual encounters with Trump while he was married.

For weeks, Cohen’s legal team portrayed him as a reformed man who decided to cut ties with the president and cooperate with federal investigators. His lawyers have said he could have stayed on the president's side and angled himself for a presidential pardon.

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New York prosecutors have urged a judge to sentence Cohen to a substantial prison term, saying he'd failed to fully cooperate and overstated his helpfulness. They've asked for only a slight reduction to his sentence based on his work with the office of special counsel Robert Mueller and prosecutors looking into the campaign finance violations in New York.

A probation-only sentence, they said, is unbefitting of "a man who knowingly sought to undermine core institutions of our democracy."

WHAT DOES MUELLER HAVE? MEMO HINTS AT DAMAGING RUSSIA INFO FROM COHEN

Prosecutors said Cohen orchestrated payments to McDougal and Daniels at Trump's direction.

Trump, who insists the affairs never happened, tweeted Monday that the payments to the women were "a simple private transaction," not a campaign contribution. And if it was campaign contribution, the president said, Cohen is the one who should be held responsible.

"Lawyer's liability if he made a mistake, not me," Trump wrote, adding, "Cohen just trying to get his sentence reduced. WITCH HUNT!"

A sentence of hard time would leave Cohen with little to show for his decision to plead guilty, though experts said Wednesday's hearing might not be the last word on his punishment.

Cohen could have his sentence revisited if he strikes a deal with prosecutors to provide additional cooperation within a year of his sentence, Stern said.

Cohen's transition from Trump's “fixer” to a felon has been head-spinning.

He once told an interviewer he would "take a bullet" for Trump. But facing prosecution for evading $1.4 million in taxes, Cohen pleaded guilty in August, pledged to cooperate with Mueller's investigation of Russian interference in the presidential election and changed his party registration from Republican to Democrat.

The Associated Press contributed to this story.

Trump’s White House chief of staff: Who’s in the running to replace John Kelly?

Nick Ayers squashed rumors he could be the next White House chief of staff over the weekend, leaving the question: Who will President Trump pick for the high profile job?

Trump announced the departure of John Kelly, one of his first Cabinet picks, last week.

“John Kelly will be leaving at the end of the year, we will be announcing who will be taking John's place, it might be on an interim basis, I'll be announcing that over the next day or two,” Trump said of Kelly, the former Homeland Security secretary.

TRUMP SAYS JOHN KELLY WILL BE LEAVING AT THE END OF THE YEAR

Ayers, Vice President Mike Pence’s chief of staff, was considered to be a shoo-in for the position, but he announced he’s leaving the administration at the end of the year instead.

“I am in the process of interviewing some really great people for the position of White House Chief of Staff,” Trump said in a Dec. 9 tweet. “Fake News has been saying with certainty it was Nick Ayers, a spectacular person who will always be with our [Make America Great Again] agenda. I will be making a decision soon!”

The new White House chief of staff will enter the Trump administration at a pivotal moment, faced with the challenges of securing the president’s re-election and fending off inquiries once Democrats gain control of the House next year.

Here’s a look at seven people rumored to be under consideration for the job.

Mark Meadows

Rep. Mark Meadows, R-N.C., is the chairman of the conservative House Freedom Caucus. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

North Carolina Rep. Mark Meadows, chairman of the powerful House Freedom Caucus, has been the topic of “conversations” regarding the job, sources told Fox News.

Meadows, 59, has been an ardent defender of Trump throughout his presidency. And his nearly six years as a congressman could cultivate pivotal skillsets as the president is sure to face off against House Democrats next year.

Mick Mulvaney

Former South Carolina Rep. Mick Mulvaney is the White House budget director. (Reuters/Yuri Gripas)

Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney, 51, could be a contender for White House chief of staff.

Mulvaney, too, has Hill experience; he represented South Carolina in Congress from 2011 to 2017. A hardline conservative, Mulvaney was a founding member of the House Freedom Caucus.

However, Mulvaney might not be interested in the job and would rather transition to Commerce or Treasury secretary if needed, a source told The Associated Press.

Matthew Whitaker

Matthew G. Whitaker is the acting attorney general.  (AP Photo/Orlin Wagner)

Acting Attorney General Matthew Whitaker is rumored to be a potential pick to replace Kelly. Whitaker took over leading the Justice Department in November after Jeff Sessions resigned.

MATTHEW WHITAKER TO REPLACE JEFF SESSIONS AS ACTING ATTORNEY GENERAL: 3 THINGS TO KNOW

The 49-year-old has been mired in controversy since he was elevated to acting attorney general – mostly stemming from comments he made before he joined the Justice Department.

Trump has nominated William Barr as the next attorney general.

David Bossie

David Bossie, president of Citizens United, was President Trump’s deputy campaign manager in 2016.  (Getty Images/Darren McCollester)

David Bossie, Trump’s former deputy campaign manager, could be in the running for chief of staff, according to The Associated Press.

Bossie, 53, is a Fox News contributor and president of the nonprofit Citizens United.

Steven Mnuchin

Steven Mnuchin leads the Treasury Department. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, 55, is reportedly happy with his job – but he’s also among those thought to be considered for the post.

Before working for Trump, Mnuchin founded and led hedge fund Dune Capital Management as well as Dune Entertainment, which invested in major Hollywood films such as “Avatar” and “The Devil Wears Prada.” He is listed as an executive producer on other major films, including “American Sniper,” “The Lego Movie” and “Suicide Squad.”

Robert Lighthizer

Robert Lighthizer is the U.S. Trade Representative. (AP Photo/Cliff Owen)

U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer, 71, is reportedly a candidate for the White House job. However, he told CBS News over the weekend he hasn’t spoken to anyone at the White House about the position.

“First of all, I love John Kelly. In your whole life, you won’t meet 50 people with his qualities of character and grit and determination and devotion,” Lighthizer said. “He’s done a great job for the president.”

Lighthizer described his own job as “difficult” but said he was “happy” and “flattered” to do it.

Chris Christie

Chris Christie is the former Republican governor of New Jersey.  (Getty Images/Jeff Zelevansky)

Former New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie has been floated as a possible chief of staff, The New York Times reported.

His work as a U.S. attorney and federal prosecutor could make Christie, 56, valuable to Trump.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Kaitlyn Schallhorn is a Reporter for Fox News. Follow her on Twitter: @K_Schallhorn.

Evidence linking Trump to campaign finance crimes is not there, top lawyer says

An expert campaign finance lawyer said in an interview published Monday that he is not impressed with the Department of Justice's evidence that effectively links President Trump to campaign finance violations after the recent release of the Michael Cohen sentencing memo.

Dan Backer, the lawyer, told Forbes that there appears to be no evidence to corroborate the DOJ’s apparent assertion of any illegality on Trump's part.

Cohen admitted to violating federal campaign finance laws by arranging hush-money payments to porn star Stormy Daniels and Playboy model Karen McDougal in the weeks leading up to the election of then-candidate Trump, according to the plea.

Prosecutors in New York, where Cohen pleaded guilty in August to campaign finance crimes in connection with those payments, wrote in the filing, "With respect to both payments, Cohen acted with the intent to influence the 2016 presidential election. Cohen coordinated his actions with one or more members of the campaign, including through meetings and phone calls, about the fact, nature, and timing of the payments. In particular, and as Cohen himself has now admitted, with respect to both payments, he acted in coordination with and at the direction of Individual-1.”

The filing does not name Trump, but references "Individual-1," who became president in 2017. Trump has not been charged.

Trump's lawyers have downplayed the severity of campaign finance crimes, but some Democrats consider it an impeachable offense.

Backer, a veteran campaign counsel, said it is common practice for high-profile individuals and companies to take part in these kinds of payment arrangements. He said Trump is a brand, he has carried out similar payments for years and these so-called "hush-buys" will likely continue.

"Brand protection is not a campaign contribution," he told the magazine.

"The notion that every penny a candidate personally or professionally spends is somehow reportable to the FEC is utter nonsense," he continued.

On Sunday, Kentucky Republican Sen. Rand Paul told NBC's "Meet the Press" that the web of federal and state campaign finance laws is so complex that it presents fairness issues.

"There are thousands and thousands of rules. It’s incredibly complicated, campaign finance," Paul said. "We have to decide whether or not really criminal penalties are the way we should approach campaign finance."

Cohen's plea does not necessarily indicate that prosecutors could have successfully prosecuted a campaign finance case against Cohen or Trump.

Andrew C. McCarthy, a senior fellow at the National Review Institute, wrote on FoxNews.com that Trump is very likely to be indicted for violating campaign finance laws.

"If the president was not implicated, I suspect they would not have prosecuted Cohen for campaign finance violations at all. Those charges had a negligible impact on the jail time Cohen faces, which is driven by the more serious offenses of tax and financial institution fraud, involving millions of dollars,” he wrote.

Cohen is scheduled to be sentenced Dec. 12.

Fox News' Gregg Re The Associated Press contributed to this report

Edmund DeMarche is a news editor for FoxNews.com. Follow him on Twitter @EDeMarche.

Who is John Kelly? A look at Trump’s White House chief of staff

White House Chief of Staff John Kelly will be leaving his position at the end of the year, President Trump announced on Dec. 8.

Speaking to reporters at the White House before departing for the Army-Navy football game in Philadelphia, Trump called Kelly a "great guy." He did not immediately say who will replace him.

Kelly, a retired Marine general, was one of Trump’s first Cabinet picks – but he hasn’t had the same role throughout the administration.

First tapped to lead the Department of Homeland Security, Kelly, 68, became Trump’s White House chief of staff in July 2017.

“He’s a Great American and a Great Leader,” Trump said on social media at the time. “John has also done a spectacular job at Homeland Security. He has been a true star of my Administration.”

The decorated military veteran was brought on to bring order to what was seen as a chaotic White House. Since becoming chief of staff, Kelly has worked to create a formal line of authority and decision-making within the administration and reform the security clearance process – something that has found him at odds with Jared Kushner, the president’s son-in-law.

Read on for a look at five things you should know about Kelly.

Trump originally appointed him as secretary of the Department of Homeland Security

President Trump originally tapped John Kelly to lead the Department of Homeland Security. (Reuters/Kevin Lamarque)

While still president-elect, Trump originally picked Kelly to lead the Department of Homeland Security. Trump’s transition team said Kelly would “spearhead the urgent mission of stopping illegal immigration and securing our borders,” according to The Guardian.

While overseeing the Department of Homeland Security, Kelly took lead on some of Trump’s more controversial actions, including the travel ban of people from Muslim-majority countries.

He assumed the Cabinet office in January 2017, but was abruptly named Trump’s chief of staff six months later in July, replacing Reince Priebus.

He is a Gold Star father

Both of Kelly’s sons, Robert and John, joined the Marines. Robert died in Afghanistan in 2010 at the age of 29.

Kelly was widely praised by those who organized a memorial event for Massachusetts military members who died since the 9-11 attacks. Kelly accepted an invitation to give a speech at the 2010 event, held just three weeks after his son died. But he didn’t mention that he, too, was a Gold Star father, according to the Boston Globe.

“Could you find a classier person? He’s a great man.”

— Marine veteran Chris Lessard

“That was my first impression of General John Kelly,” Marine veteran Chris Lessard told the newspaper. “Could you find a classier person? He’s a great man.”

His status as a Gold Star father was brought into the spotlight as Trump’s chief of staff. Kelly took the helm of a White House press briefing in October 2017 to defend the president’s phone call to the widow of a Green Beret soldier killed in Niger. Trump’s phone call to the widow was criticized by Rep. Frederica Wilson, D-Fla., who listened into the conversation and later attacked the president's sentiments.

As a teenager, Kelly hitchhiked across the country

Kelly grew up as in an Irish-Catholic family in Boston.

As a teenager, he hitchhiked across the country multiple times before he was 16 years old, according to the Marines website. He also rode in an empty boxcar on a freight train from Seattle to Chicago before he turned 16, according to the Marines.

He oversaw the transfer of Guantanamo prisoners for Bowe Bergdahl

As White House chief of staff, John Kelly has sought to reform the security clearance process. (Reuters/Kevin Lamarque)

As commander for the U.S. Southern Command, part of Kelly’s duties included overseeing operations at Guantanamo Bay military prison.

During his time there, Kelly also oversaw the transfer of prisoners for Bowe Bergdahl, the Army sergeant who went missing from his remote infantry station near the Pakistani border in 2009 and was captured by the Taliban.

The swapping of five Taliban prisoners for Bergdahl was controversial, but Kelly said in a 2016 Defense Department press briefing that he “follow[s] orders.”

“That's a policy decision to transfer them,” Kelly said, according to a transcript of the briefing. “I know it's caused a lot angst in a lot of areas. I don't — I don't try to slowdown transfers. I — I facilitate transfers.”

He also said the transfer was “dicey” because of the amount of press there at the time. Kelly often criticized media coverage of the detention center, the Miami Herald reported in 2015.

Kelly retired from the U.S. Southern Command in January 2016, having served in the military for more than four decades.

Kelly has an extensive career history with the Marines

Kelly joined the Marines in 1970 after his mother told him his draft number would be coming up, the Boston Globe reported.

He attended school at the University of Massachusetts after he was discharged as a sergeant in 1972, according to his Defense Department biography. But after his college graduation, he joined the 2nd Marine Division, according to the biography.

He served on sea duty in Florida, joined the U.S. Army’s Infantry Officer Advanced Course in Georgia and was stationed in Washington, D.C. He studied at Quantico and the National War College.

It was while Kelly was the Commandant’s Liaison Officer to Congress in the 1990s that he became a colonel, his biography said.

Kelly was stationed in Belgium in 1999, serving as the special assistant to the Supreme Allied Commander Europe before serving multiple tours in Iraq.

Although retired, Kelly was prepared to serve for either Trump or Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton if asked, Time reported. When he got the call from the incoming Trump team – while he was apparently watching college football – Kelly reportedly asked his wife what he should do.

According to Time, his wife said, “If they think they need you, you can’t get out of it. Besides, I’m really tired of this quality retired time we’re spending together.”

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Kaitlyn Schallhorn is a Reporter for Fox News. Follow her on Twitter: @K_Schallhorn.

Former Trump administration officials: A list of notable departures

A growing number of people have left the Trump administration, including Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt, chief strategist Steve Bannon and FBI Director James Comey.

Some, such as Comey, were fired by President Trump, while others resigned or retired for a variety of reasons.

Trump's administration has set records for turnover of senior officials, with more than 60 percent of those with the title of assistant to the president departing in the first 18 months.

The president addressed the high turnover in the White House in March, denying there is any "chaos."

"People will always come [and] go, and I want strong dialogue before making a final decision. I still have some people that I want to change (always seeking perfection)," he said.

Read on for a look at some of the staffers who have left since Trump took office.

John Kelly 

President Trump said Kelly will leave at the end of the year. (AP)

Trump announced on Dec. 8 that White House Chief of Staff John Kelly will leave his position at the end of the year.

Speaking to reporters at the White House before departing for the Army-Navy football game in Philadelphia, Trump called Kelly a "great guy." He did not immediately say who will replace him.

"John Kelly will be leaving at the end of the year, we will be announcing who will be taking John's place, it may be on an interim basis, in the next day or two," he said, adding he appreciates Kelly's service "very much."

The news follows rumors that Kelly's tenure in the Trump administration was nearing its end. During an interview on "Fox News Sunday" after the midterm elections in November, Trump said “let’s see what happens” about Kelly’s future at the White House.

The former Marine general was one of Trump’s first Cabinet picks – but he hasn’t had the same role throughout the administration. First tapped to lead the Department of Homeland Security, Kelly, 68, became Trump’s White House chief of staff in July 2017.

Jeff Sessions

Attorney General Jeff Sessions resigned on Nov. 7, 2018. (AP)

Jeff Sessions resigned as attorney general on Nov. 7, 2018. In a letter to Trump, Sessions wrote, “At your request, I am submitting my resignation."

Sessions drew ire from Trump after he removed himself from the Russia investigation in March of 2017 over his ties to a high-profile surrogate and adviser to Trump’s campaign.

“Having concluded those meetings today, I have decided to recuse myself from any existing or future investigations of any matters related in any way to the campaigns for president of the United States,” Sessions said at the time.

Since then, Trump has voiced his disapproval of Sessions. “I don’t have an attorney general. It’s very sad," Trump wrote in a September tweet.

Don McGahn

The departure of White House counsel Don McGahn was expected for some time. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)

White House counsel Don McGahn has officially left his job in the White House.

McGahn’s departure had been expected for some time. Fox News reported earlier this year McGahn had expressed a desire to leave the White House, and he would be replaced by former George W. Bush aide Emmet Flood.

“I have worked with Don for a long time and truly appreciate his service,” Trump previously said.

Trump, who appointed McGahn to the position shortly after he won the 2016 election, said the Russia investigation was not a factor – not “even a little bit” – in the decision.

Nikki Haley

U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley addresses the United Nations Security Council, Monday, Sept. 17, 2018, at U.N. headquarters. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)

Nikki Haley, who has served as ambassador to the U.N. since January 27, 2017, is stepping down from her post. Trump accepted Haley's resignation on Oct. 9, Fox News confirmed.

Trump said Haley will leave his administration "at the end of the year." He called Haley a "very special" person, adding she told him six months ago she might want to take time off. Trump said together, they had "solved a lot of problems."

One of the longest-serving members of Trump’s Cabinet, Haley was praised as a “proven deal-maker” who has a “track record of bringing people together regardless of background or party affiliation” by the president when he nominated her.

Haley is also a trailblazer in Republican politics. She was the first female and minority to serve as South Carolina’s governor when she first assumed office in 2011. As governor, she led the state through the tragic Charleston church massacre and signed off on the removal of a Confederate flag from the state Capitol grounds.

Marc Short

Marc Short, the White House director of legislative affairs, took a one-year senior fellowship with the University of Virginia. (Reuters)

Marc Short, who has served as Trump's director of legislative affairs, is leaving the White House for a position with the University of Virginia in Charlottesville.

Short's final day in the White House is July 20, and he is expected to join UVA's Miller Center in August, the school announced.

Economic aide Shahira Knight will take Short's place.

Scott Pruitt

President Trump announced EPA chief Scott Pruitt had resigned on July 5. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt resigned after months of controversies, the president announced in a July 5 tweet.

"Within the Agency Scott has done an outstanding job, and I will always be thankful to him for this," Trump said.

Pruitt resigned less than a week after The New York Times reported that the EPA's chief ethics official, Kevin Minoli, had been pushing for a series of independent investigation into several aspects of Pruitt's tenure.

Pruitt and his office, which he led since 2017, had come under fire for extravagant spending habits, including on first-class travel, pay raises to top aides and a $43,000 soundproof booth.

Thomas Homan

Thomas Homan, the acting ICE director, retired in June 2017. (AP Photo/John Bazemore)

Thomas Homan, the acting Immigration and Customs Enforcement director, retired from federal service after 34 years in June.

While leading ICE, Homan spearheaded a 40 percent surge in deportation arrests and established policies to make immigration arrests at courthouses and detain pregnant women. He has been one of the administration’s most outspoken and enthusiastic advocates of its crackdown on illegal immigration and was the president’s pick to officially lead the department.

An ICE official told Fox News that Homan originally planned to retire in January 2017 but decided to stay on when he was asked by John Kelly, then the Department of Homeland Security secretary.

Citing family considerations, Homan informed DHS leadership early this year that he planned to retire this summer and was asked by the secretary to remain in his position in the interim to assist with transition planning.

Trump elevated Homan to acting ICE director in January 2017, replacing Daniel Ragsdale.

Nadia Schadlow

Dr. Nadia Schadlow, the deputy national security adviser for strategy, offered her letter of resignation, effective April 27, according to a copy provided to Fox News.

Schadlow led the drafting of the Trump administration's "America First" National Security Strategy, released in December 2017. She was hired by H.R. McMaster, who left his post as national security adviser in March.

Tom Bossert

Homeland Security Adviser Tom Bossert resigned from his position the day after John Bolton took over as national security adviser. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

Homeland Security Adviser Tom Bossert resigned on April 10, according to the White House.

“The President is grateful for Tom’s commitment to the safety and security of our great country,” White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said in a statement.

Sanders added that Bossert led the administration’s efforts “to protect the homeland from terrorist threats, strengthen our cyber defenses and respond to an unprecedented series of natural disasters.”

Bossert’s exit came a day after John Bolton took over as the new national security adviser.

David Shulkin

David Shulkin was the 9th secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs. (Reuters/Kevin Lamarque)

Trump fired Secretary of Veterans Affairs David Shulkin on March 28. The president said he was “thankful” for Shulkin’s “service to our country” and veterans in a tweet.

Robert Wilkie, the under secretary of defense for personnel and readiness, will serve as the interim secretary until he is confirmed by the Senate.

After his firing, Shulkin penned a blistering op-ed for The New York Times in which he blasted the “toxic, chaotic, disrespectful and subversive” environment of Washington, D.C.

“I have been falsely accused of things by people who wanted me out of the way,” Shulkin said. “But despite these politically-based attacks on me and my family’s character, I am proud of my record and know that I acted with the utmost integrity. Unfortunately, none of that mattered.”

Shulkin had come under fire after his then-chief of staff had doctored emails to justify his wife traveling to Europe with him at taxpayer expense. He was also criticized for improperly accepting Wimbledon tickets. He had agreed to pay back the government more than $4,000.

H.R. McMaster 

H.R. McMaster will be replaced by John Bolton in the role of national security adviser, President Trump announced on March 22. (Reuters/Yuri Gripas)

Trump announced March 22 that National Security Adviser H.R. McMaster will be replaced on April 9 by former U.N. ambassador John Bolton, who is a Fox News contributor.

"I am very thankful for the service of General H.R. McMaster who has done an outstanding job & will always remain my friend," the president tweeted.

McMaster said in a statement, "After thirty-four years of service to our nation, I am requesting retirement from the U.S. Army effective this summer after which I will leave public service. Throughout my career, it has been my greatest privilege to serve alongside extraordinary servicemembers and dedicated civilians."

He added that he is "thankful to President Donald J. Trump for the opportunity to serve him and our nation as national security advisor."

The announcement comes after months of speculation over whether McMaster would resign or be fired from his post.

A White House official said March 22 that the president and McMaster “mutually agreed” that he would resign from his post. The two have been discussing this for some time, the official said, noting that the timeline was expedited as they both felt it was important to have a new team in place, instead of constant speculation.

A White House official said the decision was not related to any one moment or incident, but rather the result of ongoing conversations between the two.

Andrew McCabe 

Andrew McCabe has been repeatedly attacked by Trump since the fall of 2016. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

Attorney General Jeff Sessions fired FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe on March 16 – just days before he was set to retire, jeopardizing his pension.

The dismissal was made on the recommendation of FBI disciplinary officials. A yet-to-be-released inspector general report allegedly concluded McCabe had authorized the release of information to the media and had not been forthcoming with the watchdog office as it examined the bureau's handling of the Hillary Clinton email investigation.

"The FBI expects every employee to adhere to the highest standards of honesty, integrity, and accountability," Sessions said in a statement after McCabe was fired.

In a tweet, Trump said the firing marked a “great day for the hard working men and women of the FBI.”

The dismissal came after McCabe, a 20-year veteran of the FBI, was "removed" from his position as the No. 2 figure at the FBI and went on "terminal leave" in January, a source told Fox News at the time.

He had repeatedly been criticized by Trump since 2016 when it was revealed that his wife, Dr. Jill McCabe, had accepted campaign contributions from the political action committee of Virginia Gov. Terry McAuliffe, a close Clinton ally, during a failed state Senate run.

Rex Tillerson

Rex Tillerson served as secretary of state for a little more than one year. (Reuters/Jonathan Ernst)

Trump announced on March 13 that Secretary of State Rex Tillerson would be replaced by CIA Director Mike Pompeo.

Tillerson, a former ExxonMobil chief, served as the nation’s top diplomat since February 2017. Rumors of his departure had circulated for months, especially after he reportedly called Trump a “moron” in front of other Cabinet officials in July 2017.

In a tweet, Trump thanked Tillerson for his service to the country. A senior White House official told Fox News that Trump made the decision to replace Tillerson ahead of a planned meeting with North Korea's leader Kim Jong Un.

Tillerson later told reporters that he delegated his responsibilities to Deputy Secretary of State John Sullivan until his final day at the end of March.

John McEntee

John McEntee, Trump’s longtime personal aide, was reportedly escorted from the White House. But he is joining the 2020 campaign. (Reuters/Leah Millis)

Trump's longtime personal aide John McEntee, 27, was escorted from the White House on March 13. McEntee, who was reportedly well-liked in the West Wing, occupied a key White House role, never far from Trump in the White House or on the road.

He was moved to Trump's 2020 campaign, where he will serve as a senior adviser for campaign operations, the Trump campaign said.

Gary Cohn 

White House chief economic adviser Gary Cohn is stepping down from his role. (Reuters/Andrew Kelly)

The removal of Gary Cohn from his post as National Economic Council director was confirmed by Fox News on March 6.

"Gary has been my chief economic advisor and did a superb job in driving our agenda, helping to deliver historic tax cuts and reforms and unleashing the American economy once again," Trump said in a statement. "He is a rare talent, and I thank him for his dedicated service to the American people.”

Cohn, who served as Trump’s chief economic adviser since the beginning of the administration, had reportedly been discussing with the president his transition out of the White House for several weeks. Cohn opposed Trump's planned tariffs on imports of steel and aluminum and tried to get the president to change course.

Cohn drafted a resignation letter last year, following the president's response to the violence in Charlottesville, Va.

Roberta Jacobson

Roberta Jacobson, the U.S. ambassador to Mexico, announced in a March 1 note that she is resigning in May. (AP Photo/Rebecca Blackwell)

Roberta Jacobson, the U.S. ambassador to Mexico, said in a March 1 note that she would be resigning from her post in the spring.

Her resignation, which she said would take effect on May 5, comes amid strained relations between the two countries. She did not specify why she will be leaving her post but said on Twitter that she is “in search of other opportunities.”

"I have come to the difficult decision that it is the right time to move on to new challenges and adventures," Jacobson wrote in her note. "This decision is all the more difficult because of my profound belief in the importance of the U.S.-Mexico relationship and knowledge that it is at a crucial moment."

A career diplomat, Jacobson previously served as assistant secretary of state for Western Hemisphere affairs and is seen as having a deep understanding of the region and the Mexico-U.S. relationship. She said she has spent more than 31 years in government service.

Hope Hicks

White House communications director Hope Hicks, a longtime Trump associate, resigned. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

White House communications director Hope Hicks resigned, Fox News confirmed on February 28.

Hicks was one of Trump’s longest serving aides, as she previously worked for him and his family before he announced his candidacy. Her last full day at the White House was March 28.

“Hope is outstanding and has done great work for the last three years,” Trump said in a statement.

“There are no words to adequately express my gratitude to President Trump,” Hicks, a former Ralph Lauren fashion model, said in a statement. “I wish the president and his administration the very best as he continues to lead our country.”

The announcement came a day after Hicks acknowledged to a House intelligence panel that she occasionally told "white lies" for Trump but denied lying about anything relevant to the Russia investigation.

White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said Hicks' decision to leave the administration was “something that she’s been thinking about for a while.”

Hicks, who largely worked behind the scenes during her tenure with Trump, found herself in the spotlight earlier this year when her relationship with former White House staff secretary Rob Porter was revealed. Porter left his job earlier in February after allegations surfaced that he physically abused his two ex-wives.

Josh Raffel

Josh Raffel, a top White House communications aide who served as a spokesman for Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump, is leaving the administration.

Raffel joined the administration in the spring of 2017. He was hired to work on communications for the White House Office of American Innovation and also worked on behalf of Kushner and Trump. His portfolio of issues included tax reform and the Middle East peace process.

In a statement, Ivanka Trump called Raffel "honest, passionate and thoughtful," adding that his "guidance was invaluable."

Raffel is expected to return to New York to join the private sector and tend to family obligations, Axios reported.

David Sorensen

White House speechwriter David Sorensen resigned on February 9 amid domestic abuse allegations.

Sorensen's ex-wife first told The Washington Post that he was violent and emotionally abusive during their marriage. He has denied the allegations.

Sorensen's position did not require a security clearance, the White House said, adding that his background check was ongoing.

Sorensen had worked as a senior adviser to Gov. Paul LePage, according to the Portland Press Herald.

Rachel Brand 

Rachel Brand, the associate attorney general in the Department of Justice, is stepping down from her position. (Reuters/Aaron P. Bernstein)

Rachel Brand stepped down from her position, Fox News confirmed on February 9. Brand was an associate attorney general in the Department of Justice.

Brand, the No. 3 official in the Justice Department, served in the role for nine months before accepting a job with Walmart. She will serve as the retail giant's executive vice president, global governance and corporate secretary.

In an interview with Fox News, Brand disputed claims that she left the administration due to Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s investigation into Russia and the Trump campaign.

Rob Porter

White House staff secretary Rob Porter resigned from office following reports that he abused his ex-wives. He denied the allegations. (Reuters/Jonathan Ernst)

White House staff secretary Rob Porter announced his resignation from the Trump administration on February 7 following reports that he abused his two ex-wives.

Porter’s ex-wives told the Daily Mail that he was physically and mentally abusive.

Porter denied the “outrageous allegations" and resigned from his position.

“I have been transparent and truthful about these vile claims, but I will not further engage publicly with a coordinated smear campaign,” Porter said.

Two days after the resignation, Trump wished the former staffer well, saying he hopes Porter has "a great career ahead of him." He said the allegations were "very sad" and stressed that Porter has maintained his innocence.

Omarosa Manigault Newman

Omarosa Manigault Newman joined the Trump administration as the director of communications for the White House Office of Public Liaison. (Reuters/Omar Negrin)

A former “Apprentice” star, Omarosa Manigault Newman joined the Trump administration as the director of communications for the White House Office of Public Liaison to work on outreach to various contingency groups.

White House press secretary Sarah Sanders said on December 13 that Manigault Newman’s last day with the White House would be January 20 – exactly one year since Trump’s inauguration.

Manigault Newman reportedly drew scrutiny from White House chief of staff John Kelly. She also came under fire for bringing her 39-person bridal party to the White House for a photo shoot in 2017.

Richard Cordray

Richard Cordray resigned from his position as head of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau on Nov. 24, 2017. (Reuters/Larry Downing)

Richard Cordray resigned from his post as the head of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau on November 24, 2017, setting off a fight between his former chief of staff and the White House over who would replace him.

Cordray’s resignation didn’t come as a surprise; he had previously said he would quit his job by the end of November. But many thought his resignation would set up Trump to appoint his own director of an agency that has been widely criticized by his administration and Republicans alike.

However, before his resignation, Cordray elevated his chief of staff Leandra English to the deputy director position – meaning she would become acting CFPB director after he quit. But the White House announced Mick Mulvaney, head of the Office of Management and Budget, as its interim director

Tom Price

Health and Human Services Secretary Tom Price resigned from his position in September 2017 following reports that he used costly private plans at the taxpayers’ expense. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

Tom Price officially resigned from his post as Health and Human Services Secretary on September 29, 2017, according to a White House statement.

The move came after Price received major criticism following reports of his use of private planes.

Price had promised to repay the government for the use of his costly flights and vowed never to take a private charter plane again while in his post as the secretary but was ultimately let go anyway.

Sebastian Gorka

Sebastian Gorka, the Deputy assistant to President Trump, is no longer employed with the administration, the White House announced in August 2017. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh)

The White House announced that Sebastian Gorka, deputy assistant to Trump, was no longer a part of the administration during a Friday evening news dump on August 25, 2017.

White House officials told Fox News that Gorka did not resign but confirmed that he “no longer works” with the administration.

However, Gorka insisted to the Washington Examiner that he did actually resign.

A former Breitbart news editor, Gorka joined the Trump administration as a counterterrorism adviser and assisted with national security policy decisions alongside Bannon, according to White House sources.

Steve Bannon

Steve Bannon, the Breitbart News chief, was removed from his position as chief strategist in August. (AP Photo/Brynn Anderson)

Steve Bannon was removed from his position as White House chief strategist on August 18, 2017.

The Breitbart News chief joined Trump's presidential campaign and was later appointed to a senior adviser role after Trump won the election.

Bannon, the hardcore populist, had become increasingly isolated inside the White House following John Kelly's appointment as chief of staff, White House sources and outside advisers told Fox News.

A White House aide told Fox News that Bannon’s ouster wasn’t sudden; he submitted his resignation in writing several weeks prior, the aide said.

Anthony Scaramucci

Anthony Scaramucci lasted as the White House communications director for only 10 days. (Reuters/Jonathan Ernst)

The announcement of Anthony Scaramucci as the White House communications director on July 21, 2017, set into motion a big shakeup in White House staff.

But Scaramucci himself lasted only 10 days in the White House. He was reportedly removed at the request of new White House chief of staff John Kelly.

Kelly was sworn in as chief of staff just hours before Scaramucci was removed.

Reince Priebus

Reince Priebus, the former RNC head, was out as Trump’s chief of staff in July. (Reuters/Carlos Barria)

Trump announced Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly as his new White House chief of staff on July 28, 2017, effectively ousting Reince Priebus.

The replacement of Priebus as chief of staff came amid tensions between he and Scaramucci, the White House communications director at the time.

Michael Short

White House assistant press secretary Michael Short resigned on July 25, 2017, after Scaramucci informed Politico of his intent to fire him.

“This is the problem with the leaking,” Scaramucci reportedly told reporters. “This is actually a terrible thing. Let’s say I’m firing Michael Short today. The fact that you guys know about it before he does really upsets me as a human being and as a Roman Catholic.”

Sean Spicer

Sean Spicer resigned as White House press secretary after the administration hired Anthony Scaramucci. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

After the hiring of Anthony Scaramucci, White House press secretary Sean Spicer announced his resignation on July 21, 2017.

Walter Shaub

Walter Shaub Jr. resigned from his position as the director of the Office of Government Ethics. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

Office of Government Ethics Director Walter Shaub Jr. announced on July 6, 2017, that he was resigning from his job after clashing with Trump. His final date in office was July 19.

In his position, Shaub was often at odds with the Trump administration, particularly when it came to Trump’s business dealings.

Shaub joined the Campaign Legal Center, an organization in Washington that mostly focuses on violations of campaign finance law.

Michael Dubke

While former White House communications director Michael Dubke tendered his resignation quietly on May 18, 2017, he stayed on with the administration until after the president’s first foreign trip.

He said that he resigned due to “personal” reasons.

James Comey

Fired FBI Director James Comey was fired by Trump abruptly. (Reuters/Jonathan Ernst)

Trump abruptly fired former FBI Director James Comey in a brief letter on May 9, 2017, saying Comey could not “effectively lead” the bureau any longer.

Trump repeatedly criticized Comey’s handling of the investigation into former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s personal email server, and Comey said after his firing that he felt uncomfortable by comments Trump made about the FBI’s investigation into Michael Flynn.

Comey reportedly was speaking to employees in Los Angeles when news of his ousting came across the television. At the time, according to reports, Comey thought it was a prank.

Katie Walsh

Deputy chief of staff Katie Walsh resigned on March 30, 2017, after a Trump-backed health care bill failed to make it through the House, according to The Associated Press.

She left the White House to join the pro-Trump nonprofit America First Policies.

Walsh came to the White House after serving in the Republican National Committee under then-chairman Reince Priebus.

Preet Bharara

Preet Bharara was fired from his position as Manhattan federal prosecutor after he declined to resign. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

Manhattan federal prosecutor Preet Bharara was fired on March 11, 2017, after he declined to willingly resign from his job.

The Justice Department said attorneys general who were holdovers from the Obama administration needed to resign. Bharara refused to do so.

“I did not resign. Moments ago I was fired,” Bharara tweeted. “Being the US Attorney in [the Southern District of New York] will forever be the greatest honor of my professional life.”

Michael Flynn

Michael Flynn resigned as the Trump administration’s embattled national security adviser in February 2017. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

Michael Flynn, Trump’s embattled national security adviser, resigned on February 13, 2017, after it was revealed that he apparently lied about conversations he had with the Russian ambassador.

“I have nothing to be ashamed for and everything to be proud of,” Flynn told Fox News at the time.

Sally Yates

Sally Yates was removed from her position as acting attorney general after she refused to enforce President Donald Trump’s travel ban. (AP Photo/J. David Ake)

Taking over as acting attorney general following the departure of Loretta Lynch, Sally Yates was removed from her position on January 30, 2017.

Yates refused to enforce Trump’s controversial travel ban and issued a memo to the Justice Department not to defend the executive order.

Fox News' Kristin Brown, Samuel Chamberlain, Jake Gibson, Serafin Gomez, Alex Pappas, John Roberts, Brooke Singman, Gillian Turner and The Associated Press contributed to this report.

Kaitlyn Schallhorn is a Reporter for Fox News. Follow her on Twitter: @K_Schallhorn.